In today’s modern world, people are becoming more and more susceptible to injuries due to personal and environmental factors. Injuries to the joints require prompt diagnosis and treatment, that in some severe cases may dictate the need for total joint replacement. Also known as arthroplasty, partial or total joint replacement plays an important role in treating painful and disabling joint pathologies. Such surgeries can involve any type of joint; including the knee, hip, shoulder, elbow, wrist, fingers, ankle, and foot. Among these, knee and hip total joint replacements are by far the most common surgical procedures.
Pre- and Post-Operative Joint Pain and Function
According to a recent survey, patients were asked about pain differences pre- and post- total knee replacement (TKA) surgery and the majority of them have rated their satisfaction levels as very high.
Approximately 90% of patients agree that replacement of their knee joint has significantly reduced the pain they are experiencing before surgery. However, the same group of patients has rated low satisfaction levels regarding the functioning of the knee joint after 1 year of replacement.
Post-Operative Joint Pain and Function Compared to Non-TKA Individuals
Reduction in pain and improvement in mobility are the primary goals of total knee arthroplasty. There are many studies and clinical trials that suggest that TKA is highly efficient at reducing pain after surgery.
Rehabilitation for Total Joint Replacement Patients
A physician must perform a thorough physical examination of the post-operative TKR patient during the initial assessment. Just examining the affected joint and leaving the general physical examination can lead to some serious health conditions that reduce the functional performance score. Associated medical conditions such as arthritis and auto-immune diseases of the body need to be deeply evaluated and treated. These comorbidities can have a direct impact on the outcome of joint replacement surgery. Co-working with other medical professionals such as primary care physician of the patient can ensure the continuity of treatment of underlying health conditions. Depending on the rehabilitation progress, the medicines of the patient may also need to change or modify.